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Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2015 Feb;212(2):171.e1-8. doi: 10.1016/j.ajog.2014.07.059. Epub 2014 Aug 2.

Contraceptive counseling and postpartum contraceptive use.

Author information

1
Division of Reproductive Health, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Chamblee, GA. Electronic address: lzapata@cdc.gov.
2
Division of Reproductive Health, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Chamblee, GA.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

The objective of the study was to examine the associations between prenatal and postpartum contraceptive counseling and postpartum contraceptive use.

STUDY DESIGN:

The Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System 2004-2008 data were analyzed from Missouri, New York state, and New York City (n = 9536). We used multivariable logistic regression to assess the associations between prenatal and postpartum contraceptive counseling and postpartum contraceptive use, defined as any method and more effective methods (sterilization, intrauterine device, or hormonal methods).

RESULTS:

The majority of women received prenatal (78%) and postpartum (86%) contraceptive counseling; 72% received both. Compared with those who received no counseling, those counseled during 1 time period (adjusted odds ratio [AOR], 2.10; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.65-2.67) and both time periods (AOR, 2.33; 95% CI, 1.87-2.89) had significantly increased odds of postpartum use of a more effective contraceptive method (32% vs 49% and 56%, respectively; P for trend < .0001). Results for counseling during both time periods differed by type of health insurance before pregnancy, with greater odds of postpartum use of a more effective method observed for women with no insurance (AOR, 3.51; 95% CI, 2.18-5.66) and Medicaid insurance (AOR, 3.74; 95% CI, 1.98-7.06) than for those with private insurance (AOR, 1.87; 95% CI, 1.44-2.43) before pregnancy. Findings were similar for postpartum use of any contraceptive method, except that no differences by insurance status were detected.

CONCLUSION:

The prevalence of postpartum contraceptive use, including the use of more effective methods, was highest when contraceptive counseling was provided during both prenatal and postpartum time periods. Women with Medicaid or no health insurance before pregnancy benefited the most.

KEYWORDS:

contraception; contraceptive counseling; postpartum period; prenatal care

PMID:
25093946
PMCID:
PMC4470255
DOI:
10.1016/j.ajog.2014.07.059
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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