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J Parasitol. 2015 Feb;101(1):104-7. doi: 10.1645/14-563.1. Epub 2014 Aug 5.

Tradeoff between establishing an infection and killing the host: response of snails ( Physa acuta) to a gradient of trematode (Halipegus eccentricus) exposures.

Author information

1
Department of Zoology, Oklahoma State University, Stillwater, Oklahoma 74078.

Abstract

Pond snails ( Physa acuta ) were exposed to a gradient (0, 1, 3, 5, 10, 15, 20, 25, 30, 35, 40, and 50) of trematode (Halipegus eccentricus) eggs and observed to determine egg dose effects on the survival of snails through the prepatent period, snail reproduction, and the production of cercariae. The probability of snail survival through the prepatent period significantly decreased with increasing egg exposures, where the odds of snail survival was 0.94 per trematode egg. Similarly, the probability of snail reproduction significantly decreased with increasing egg exposures, where the odds of snail reproduction was 0.85 per trematode egg. In contrast, the probability of a snail shedding cercariae significantly increased with increasing egg exposures, where the odds of reaching a patent infection were 1.64 per trematode egg. However, snails shedding cercariae that were exposed to higher doses of trematode eggs tended to die sooner. Thus, there appears to be a tradeoff between infecting a snail and killing the host.

PMID:
25093907
DOI:
10.1645/14-563.1
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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