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PLoS One. 2014 Aug 5;9(8):e103952. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0103952. eCollection 2014.

Prognostic significance of E-cadherin expression in hepatocellular carcinoma: a meta-analysis.

Author information

1
Department of General Surgery, Institute of Minimally Invasive Surgery, Sir Run Run Shaw Hospital, College of Medicine, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, Zhejiang, China.
2
Department of Surgery, Zhejiang University Hospital, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, Zhejiang, China.

Abstract

BACKGROUNDS:

Hepatocellular Carcinoma (HCC) is one of the most common malignancy of liver and HCC-related morbidity and mortality remains at high level. Researchers had investigated whether and how reduced E-cadherin expression impacted the prognosis of patients with HCC but the results reported by different teams remain inconclusive.

METHODS:

A systematic literature search was performed in all available databases to retrieve eligible studies and identify all relevant data, which could be used to evaluate the correlation between reduced E-cadherin expression and clinicopathological features and prognosis for HCC patients. A fixed or random effects model was used in this meta-analysis to calculate the pooled odds ratios (OR) and weighted mean differences (WMD) with 95% confidence intervals (CI).

RESULTS:

Total 2439 patients in thirty studies matched the selection criteria. Aggregation of the data suggested that reduced E-cadherin expression in HCC patients correlated with poor 1-, 3- and 5-year overall survival. The combined ORs were 0.50 (n = 13 studies, 95% CI: 0.37-0.67, Z = 4.49, P<0.00001), 0.39 (n = 13 studies, 95% CI: 0.28-0.56, Z = 5.12, P<0.00001), 0.40 (n = 11 studies, 95% CI: 0.25-0.64, Z = 3.82, P = 0.0001), respectively. Additionally, the pooled analysis denoted that reduced E-cadherin expression negatively impacts recurrence-free survival (RSF) with no significant heterogeneity. The pooled ORs for 1-, 3- and 5- year RSF affected by down-regulated E-cadherin were 0.73 (n = 6 studies, 95% CI: 0.54-1.00, Z = 1.95, P = 0.05), 0.70 (n = 6 studies, 95% CI: 0.52-0.95, Z = 2.32, P = 0.02), 0.66 (n = 5 studies, 95% CI: 0.48-0.90, Z = 2.64, P = 0.008). And what's more, reduced E-cadherin expression tended to be significantly associated with metastasis (OR = 0.31, 95% CI: 0.16-0.60, Z = 3.50, P = 0.0005), vascular invasion (OR = 0.76, 95% CI: 0.59-0.98, Z = 2.14, P = 0.03), advanced differentiation grade (OR = 0.31, 95% CI: 0.21-0.45, Z = 6.04, P<0.00001) and advanced TMN stage (T3/T4 versus T1/T2) (OR = 0.61,95% CI:0.38-0.98, Z = 2.05, P = 0.04).

CONCLUSIONS:

Reduced E-cadherin expression indicates a poor prognosis for patients with HCC, and it may have predictive potential for prognosis of HCC patients.

PMID:
25093414
PMCID:
PMC4122395
DOI:
10.1371/journal.pone.0103952
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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