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Biosci Biotechnol Biochem. 2014;78(12):2089-101. doi: 10.1080/09168451.2014.943653. Epub 2014 Aug 5.

Kinetic study of the quenching reaction of singlet oxygen by α-, β-, γ-, δ-tocotrienols, and palm oil and soybean extracts in solution.

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a Faculty of Science, Department of Chemistry , Ehime University , Matsuyama , Japan.


Measurements of the singlet oxygen ((1)O2) quenching rates (kQ (S)) and the relative singlet oxygen absorption capacity (SOAC) values were performed for 11 antioxidants (AOs) (eight vitamin E homologues (α-, β-, γ-, and δ-tocopherols and -tocotrienols (-Tocs and -Toc-3s)), two vitamin E metabolites (α- and γ-carboxyethyl-6-hydroxychroman), and trolox) in ethanol/chloroform/D2O (50:50:1, v/v/v) and ethanol solutions at 35 °C. Similar measurements were performed for five palm oil extracts 1-5 and one soybean extract 6, which included different concentrations of Tocs, Toc-3s, and carotenoids. Furthermore, the concentrations (wt%) of Tocs, Toc-3s, and carotenoids included in extracts 1-6 were determined. From the results, it has been clarified that the (1)O2-quenching rates (kQ (S)) (that is, the relative SOAC value) obtained for extracts 1-6 may be explained as the sum of the product {Σ kQ(AO-i) (S) [AO-i]/100} of the rate constant (kQ(AO-i) (S)) and the concentration ([AO-i]/100) of AO-i (Tocs, Toc-3s, and carotenoid) included.


SOAC value; palm oil; quenching rate; singlet oxygen; tocotrienols

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