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Psychiatry Res. 2014 Nov 30;219(3):443-9. doi: 10.1016/j.psychres.2014.06.009. Epub 2014 Jun 12.

Impact of childhood exposure to psychological trauma on the risk of psychiatric disorders and somatic discomfort: single vs. multiple types of psychological trauma.

Author information

1
Department of Psychiatry, Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul, South Korea.
2
Department of Psychiatry, Asan Medical Center, Ulsan University College of Medicine, Seoul, South Korea.
3
Department of Psychiatry, College of Medicine, Inha University, Incheon, South Korea.
4
Department of Psychiatry, Gachon University of Medicine and Science, Incheon, South Korea.
5
Department of Psychiatry, College of Medicine, Inje University Sanggye Paik Hospital, Seoul, South Korea.
6
Department of Psychiatry, Seoul National University Boramae Hospital, Seoul, South Korea.
7
Department of Psychiatry, Kyungpook National University College of Medicine, Daegu, South Korea.
8
Department of Psychiatry, Depression Center, Samsung Medical Center, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul, South Korea.
9
Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Science, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, South Korea.
10
Gongju National Hospital, Gongju, South Korea.
11
Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Science, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, South Korea. Electronic address: mjcho@snu.ac.kr.

Abstract

We examined whether childhood exposure to multiple types of potentially traumatic events (PTEs) relative to a single type of PTE is associated with a higher prevalence of psychiatric disorders and greater somatic discomfort in Korean adults. The Composite International Diagnostic Interview 2.1 (K-CIDI 2.1) was administered to 6027 subjects aged 18-74 years. Subjects who experienced a traumatic event before the age of 18 years, the childhood trauma exposure group, were compared with controls without childhood exposure to PTEs. In the childhood trauma exposure group, subjects who experienced only a single type of PTE and subjects who experienced two or more types of PTEs were compared further. Childhood exposure to PTEs was linked to a wide range of psychiatric comorbidities, with a higher risk for exposure to multiple types of PTEs than for exposure to a single type of PTE. Obsessive-compulsive disorder, generalized anxiety disorder, and somatoform disorder were significantly associated with exposure to multiple types of PTEs but not with exposure to a single type of PTE. Exposure to multiple types of PTEs was associated with reports of marked fatigue and pain. Future research should examine the psychiatric sequelae associated with various types of childhood PTEs.

KEYWORDS:

Mental disorders; Pain; Trauma

PMID:
25086760
DOI:
10.1016/j.psychres.2014.06.009
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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