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Glob Health Promot. 2015 Jun;22(2):40-52. doi: 10.1177/1757975914537321. Epub 2014 Aug 1.

Actor and partner effects of perceived HIV stigma on social network components among people living with HIV/AIDS and their caregivers.

Author information

1
Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, University of Maryland College Park, USA.
2
Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, University of Maryland College Park, USA hliu1210@umd.edu.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Few studies have investigated the relationship between HIV stigma and social network components at the dyadic level. The objective of this study was to examine the actor and partner effects of perceived HIV stigma by people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHAs) and their caregivers on social network variables at the dyadic level.

METHOD:

An egocentric social network study was conducted among 147 dyads consisting of one PLWHA and one caregiver (294 participants) in Nanning, China. The actor-partner interdependence model (APIM) was used to analyze the relationships between perceived HIV stigma and social network components (network relations, network structures, and network functions) at the dyadic level.

RESULTS:

We found in this dyadic analysis that: (1) social network components were similar between PLWHAs and their caregivers; (2) HIV stigma perceived by PLWHAs influenced their own social network components, whereas this influence did not exist between caregivers' perceived HIV stigma and their own social network components; (3) a few significant partner effects were observed between HIV stigma and social network components among both PLWHAs and caregivers.

CONCLUSION:

The interrelationships between HIV stigma and social network components were complex at the dyadic level. Future interventions programs targeting HIV stigma should focus on the interpersonal relationship at the dyadic level, beyond the intrapersonal factors.

KEYWORDS:

Actor-Partner Interdependence Model; China; HIV stigma; egocentric social network

PMID:
25085478
PMCID:
PMC4312745
DOI:
10.1177/1757975914537321
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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