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Telemed J E Health. 2014 Sep;20(9):875-82. doi: 10.1089/tmj.2013.0263. Epub 2014 Aug 1.

Predictable and reliable ECG monitoring over IEEE 802.11 WLANs within a hospital.

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Department of Computer Science and Engineering, Hanyang University , Ansan, Republic of Korea.


Telecardiology provides mobility for patients who require constant electrocardiogram (ECG) monitoring. However, its safety is dependent on the predictability and robustness of data delivery, which must overcome errors in the wireless channel through which the ECG data are transmitted. We report here a framework that can be used to gauge the applicability of IEEE 802.11 wireless local area network (WLAN) technology to ECG monitoring systems in terms of delay constraints and transmission reliability. For this purpose, a medical-grade WLAN architecture achieved predictable delay through the combination of a medium access control mechanism based on the point coordination function provided by IEEE 802.11 and an error control scheme based on Reed-Solomon coding and block interleaving. The size of the jitter buffer needed was determined by this architecture to avoid service dropout caused by buffer underrun, through analysis of variations in transmission delay. Finally, we assessed this architecture in terms of service latency and reliability by modeling the transmission of uncompressed two-lead electrocardiogram data from the MIT-BIH Arrhythmia Database and highlight the applicability of this wireless technology to telecardiology.


IEEE 802.11; cardiology; e-health; predictability; reliability; wireless electrocardiogram

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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