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IMA Fungus. 2014 Jun;5(1):121-34. doi: 10.5598/imafungus.2014.05.01.12. Epub 2014 Jun 19.

Phylogenetic-based nomenclatural proposals for Ophiocordycipitaceae (Hypocreales) with new combinations in Tolypocladium.

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Department of Botany and Plant Pathology, Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR 97331, USA;
USDA-ARS, Systematic Mycology and Microbiology Laboratory, Beltsville, MD 20705, USA.
Formerly CBS-KNAW, Fungal Biodiversity Centre, Utrecht, The Netherlands.
Department of Biology, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, State College, PA 16802, USA.
Biological Resource Center, National Institute of Technology and Evaluation 2-5-8 Kazusakamatari, Kisarazu, Chiba 292-0818, Japan.
CAB International, E-UK Centre, Egham, Surrey TW20 9TY, UK.
Department of Biology, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, State College, PA 16802, USA ; Department of Entomology, Center for Infectious Disease Dynamics, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, State College, PA 16802, USA.
USDA-ARS Biological Integrated Pest Management Research, Robert W. Holley Center for Agriculture and Health, Ithaca, NY14853, USA.
Milton Biotech Ltd, Krathum Rai, Nong Chok, Bangkok 10530, Thailand.
Department of Forestry, Anhui Agricultural University, Hefei, Anhui 230036, China.
Microbe Interaction Laboratory, National Center for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology (BIOTEC), 113 Thailand Science Park, Phahonyothin Rd, Khlong Nueng, Khlong Luang, Pathum Thani 12120, Thailand.
Laboratorio de Taxonomía y Ecología de Hongos, Instituto de Biología, Facultad de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad de Antioquia, Medellín, Colombia and Laboratorio de micología y fitopatología, Departamento Ciencias Biológicas, Universidad de los Andes, Bogotá, Colombia.
Department of Forest Entomology, Forestry and Forest Products Research Institute, 1 Matsunosato, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305, Japan.
Institute of Life Science and Biotechnology, Sungkyunkwan University, Suwon 440-746, Korea.
Mushroom Research Division, National Institute of Horticultural and Herbal Science, Rural Development Administration, Eumseong 369-873, Korea.
State Key Laboratory of Mycology, Institute of Microbiology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China.
Department of Botany, Iranian Research Institute of Plant Protection, P.O. Box 1454, Tehran 19395, Iran.


Ophiocordycipitaceae is a diverse family comprising ecologically, economically, medicinally, and culturally important fungi. The family was recognized due to the polyphyly of the genus Cordyceps and the broad diversity of the mostly arthropod-pathogenic lineages of Hypocreales. The other two cordyceps-like families, Cordycipitaceae and Clavicipitaceae, will be revised taxonomically elsewhere. Historically, many species were placed in Cordyceps, but other genera have been described in this family as well, including several based on anamorphic features. Currently there are 24 generic names in use across both asexual and sexual life stages for species of Ophiocordycipitaceae. To reflect changes in Art. 59 in the International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi, and plants (ICN), we propose to protect and to suppress names within Ophiocordycipitaceae, and to present taxonomic revisions in the genus Tolypocladium, based on rigorous and extensively sampled molecular phylogenetic analyses. When approaching this task, we considered the principles of priority, monophyly, minimizing taxonomic revisions, and the practical utility of these fungi within the wider biological research community.


Article 59; Ophiocordycipitaceae; Tolypocladium; arthropod-pathogens; new combinations; nomenclature

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