Format

Send to

Choose Destination
BMC Public Health. 2014 Jul 31;14:777. doi: 10.1186/1471-2458-14-777.

Steering teens safe: a randomized trial of a parent-based intervention to improve safe teen driving.

Author information

1
Department of Occupational and Environmental Health, University of Iowa College of Public Health, 105 River St, S143B CPHB, Iowa City, IA 52242, USA. Corinne-peek-asa@uiowa.edu.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Crashes are the leading cause of death for teens, and parent-based interventions are a promising approach. We assess the effectiveness of Steering Teens Safe, a parent-focused program to increase safe teen driving.

METHODS:

Steering Teens Safe aimed to improve parental communication with teens about safe driving using motivational interviewing techniques in conjunction with 19 safe driving lessons. A randomized controlled trial involved 145 parent-teen dyads (70 intervention and 75 control). Intervention parents received a 45-minute session to learn the program with four follow-up phone sessions, a DVD, and a workbook. Control parents received a standard brochure about safe driving. Scores were developed to measure teen-reported quantity and quality of parental communication about safe driving. The main outcome measure was a previously validated Risky Driving Score reported by teens. Because the Score was highly skewed, a generalized linear model based on a gamma distribution was used for analysis.

RESULTS:

Intervention teens ranked their parent's success in talking about driving safety higher than control teens (p = 0.035) and reported that their parents talked about more topics (non-significant difference). The Risky Driving Score was 21% lower in intervention compared to control teens (85% CI = 0.60, 1.00). Interaction between communication quantity and the intervention was examined. Intervention teens who reported more successful communication had a 42% lower Risky Driving Score (95% CI = 0.37, 0.94) than control parents with less successful communication.

CONCLUSIONS:

This program had a positive although not strong effect, and it may hold the most promise in partnership with other programs, such as Driver's Education or Graduated Driver's License policies.

TRIAL REGISTRATION:

ClinicalTrials.gov NCT01014923. Registered Nov. 16, 2009.

PMID:
25082132
PMCID:
PMC4125695
DOI:
10.1186/1471-2458-14-777
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for BioMed Central Icon for PubMed Central
Loading ...
Support Center