Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
J Affect Disord. 2014;167:64-73. doi: 10.1016/j.jad.2014.05.042. Epub 2014 Jun 2.

Long-term effects of psychotherapy on moderate depression: a comparative study of narrative therapy and cognitive-behavioral therapy.

Author information

1
School of Psychology, University of Minho, 4710-057 Braga, Portugal.
2
School of Psychology, University of Minho, 4710-057 Braga, Portugal. Electronic address: mgoncalves@psi.uminho.pt.
3
Department of Psychology, James Cook University, Singapore.
4
Department of Mathematics and Applications, University of Minho, Portugal.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

In a previous clinical controlled trial (Lopes et al., 2014), narrative therapy (NT) showed promising results in ameliorating depressive symptoms with comparable outcomes to cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) when patients completed treatment. This paper aims to assess depressive symptoms and interpersonal problems in this clinical sample at follow-up.

METHODS:

Using the Beck Depression Inventory-II and Outcome Questionnaire-45.2 Interpersonal Relations Scale, naturalistic prospective follow-up assessment was conducted at 21 and 31 months after the last treatment session.

RESULTS:

At follow-up, patients kept improving in terms of depressive symptoms and interpersonal problems. The odds that a patient maintained recovery from depressive symptoms at follow-up were five times higher than the odds that a patient maintained recovery from interpersonal problems. In the same way, the odds of a patient never recovering from interpersonal problems were five times higher than the odds of never recovering from depressive symptoms.

LIMITATIONS:

The study did not control for the natural course of depression or treatment continuation.

CONCLUSIONS:

For depressed patients with greater interpersonal disabilities, longer treatment plans and alternative continuation treatments should be considered.

KEYWORDS:

Cognitive-behavioral therapy; Empirically supported therapies (ESTs); Long-term effects of psychological treatment; Narrative therapy; Psychological treatment of depression; Unipolar depression

PMID:
25082116
DOI:
10.1016/j.jad.2014.05.042
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Elsevier Science
    Loading ...
    Support Center