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Mol Biol Rep. 2014 Nov;41(11):7413-22. doi: 10.1007/s11033-014-3629-0. Epub 2014 Jul 31.

Protective action of curcumin and nano-curcumin against arsenic-induced genotoxicity in rats in vivo.

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Department of Veterinary Pharmacology and Toxicology, Veterinary College and Research Institute, Orathanadu, 614625, Tamil Nadu, India,


We explored whether nanoformulation of curcumin can cause better protective effect than free curcumin against arsenic-induced genotoxicity. Curcumin-loaded Poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) nanoparticles (CUR-NP) were prepared by emulsion technique. The CUR-NP were water soluble and showed biphasic release pattern. Rats were divided into 5 groups of 6 each. Group I served as the control. Group II rats were exposed to sodium arsenite (25 ppm) daily through drinking water for 42 days. Groups III, IV and V were maintained as in Group II, however, they were also administered empty nanoparticle, curcumin (100 mg/kg bw) and CUR-NP (100 mg/kg bw), respectively, by oral gavage during the last 14 days of arsenic exposure. On the 43rd day, genotoxic effects were evaluated in bone marrow cells. Arsenic increased chromosomal aberrations, micronuclei formation and DNA damage. Both free curcumin and CUR-NP attenuated these arsenic-mediated genotoxic effects. However, the result suggests that nanoformulation have better protective effect than free curcumin at the same dose level.

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