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Mol Microbiol. 1989 Jul;3(7):843-9.

Detection and identification of mycobacteria by amplification of mycobacterial DNA.

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INSERM U.82, Faculté Xavier Bichat, Paris, France.


A 383bp segment of the gene coding for the 65kD mycobacterial antigens from Mycobacterium tuberculosis, Mycobacterium bovis, Mycobacterium avium, Mycobacterium paratuberculosis, and Mycobacterium fortuitum was amplified using Taq polymerase and synthetic oligonucleotide primers and the amplified DNAs from four of these species were compared by nucleotide sequencing. Although the gene segments from these species showed considerable similarity, oligonucleotide probes which could distinguish M. tuberculosis/M. bovis, M. avium/M. paratuberculosis and M. fortuitum could be identified. Samples containing 10(6) human cells and serial dilutions of a suspension of intact mycobacteria were prepared, DNA was extracted, the segment of the mycobacterial DNA sequence amplified, and the amplified DNA hybridized with oligonucleotide probes. In two independent experiments, this procedure permitted the detection and identification of less than 100 mycobacteria in the original sample. These results suggest that this approach may prove useful in the early diagnosis of mycobacterial infection.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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