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Pest Manag Sci. 2015 Jul;71(7):957-65. doi: 10.1002/ps.3873. Epub 2014 Sep 1.

Mating competitiveness and life-table comparisons between transgenic and Indian wild-type Aedes aegypti L.

Author information

1
Gangabishan Bhikulal Investment and Trading Limited (GBIT), Jalna, Maharashtra State, India.
2
Oxitec Limited, Abingdon, Oxfordshire, UK.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

OX513A is a genetically engineered strain of Aedes aegypti carrying a repressible, dominantly inherited transgene that confers lethality in immature heterozygous progeny. Released male OX513A adults have proven to be effective for the localised suppression of wild Ae. aegypti, highlighting its potential in vector control. Mating and life-table assessments were used to compare OX513A with reared Ae. aegypti strains collected from New Delhi and Aurangabad regions in India.

RESULTS:

Mating proportions of New Delhi females versus males of OX513A or New Delhi strains were 0.52 and 0.48 respectively, indicating no discrimination by females against either strain, and males of both strains were equally competitive. Developmental time from first instar to adult emergence was significantly longer for OX513A (10.7 ± 0.04 days) than for New Delhi (9.4 ± 0.04 days) and Aurangabad strains (9.1 ± 0.04 days). Differences in mean longevities, female reproductive parameters and population growth parameters between the strains were non-significant.

CONCLUSIONS:

The laboratory study demonstrates that only minor life-table variations of limited biological relevance exist between OX513A and Indian Ae. aegypti populations, and males had equal potential for mating competitiveness. Thus, results support the OX513A strain as a suitable candidate for continued evaluation towards sustainable management of Ae. aegypti populations in India.

KEYWORDS:

Aedes aegypti; RIDL; dengue; mosquito; sterile insect technique; transgenic

PMID:
25078081
PMCID:
PMC4657483
DOI:
10.1002/ps.3873
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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