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Ann Thorac Med. 2014 Jul;9(Suppl 1):S98-S107. doi: 10.4103/1817-1737.134048.

Saudi Guidelines on the Diagnosis and Treatment of Pulmonary Hypertension: Perioperative management in patients with pulmonary hypertension.

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Department of Pulmonary Medicine, Respiratory Institute, Cleveland Clinic, Ohio, USA.


Patients with pulmonary hypertension (PH) are being encountered more commonly in the perioperative period and this trend is likely to increase as improvements in the recognition, management, and treatment of the disease continue to occur. Management of these patients is challenging due to their tenuous hemodynamic status. Recent advances in the understanding of the patho-physiology, risk factors, monitoring, and treatment of the disease provide an opportunity to reduce the morbidity and mortality associated with PH in the peri-operative period. Management of these patients requires a multi-disciplinary approach and meticulous care that is best provided in centers with vast experience in PH. In this review, we provide a detailed discussion about oerioperative strategies in PH patients, and give evidence-based recommendations, when applicable.


Heart failure; Saudi association for pulmonary hypertension guidelines; perioperative management; pulmonary hypertension; surgery

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