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Birth Defects Res A Clin Mol Teratol. 2014 Nov;100(11):852-62. doi: 10.1002/bdra.23282. Epub 2014 Jul 30.

Sociodemographic and hispanic acculturation factors and isolated anotia/microtia.

Author information

1
Birth Defects Epidemiology and Surveillance Branch, Texas Department of State Health Services, Austin, Texas.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

It has been observed in several studies that infants with anotia/microtia are more common among Hispanics compared with other racial/ethnic groups. We examined the association between selected Hispanic ethnicity and acculturation factors and anotia/microtia in the National Birth Defects Prevention Study.

METHODS:

We examined data from mothers of 351 infants with isolated anotia/microtia and 8435 unaffected infants from the National Birth Defects Prevention Study with an expected delivery date from 1997 to 2007. Sociodemographic, maternal, and acculturation factors (e.g., age, maternal education, household income, body mass index, gestational diabetes, folic acid, smoking, alcohol intake, study center, parental birthplace, and years lived in the United States, maternal language) were assessed as overall risk factors and also as risk factors among subgroups of Hispanics (United States- and foreign-born) versus non-Hispanic whites.

RESULTS:

Compared with non-Hispanic whites, both United States- and foreign-born Hispanic mothers demonstrated substantially higher odds of delivering infants with anotia/microtia across nearly all strata of sociodemographic and other maternal factors (adjusted odds ratios range: 2.1-11.9). The odds of anotia/microtia was particularly elevated among Hispanic mothers who emigrated from Mexico after age five (adjusted odds ratios = 4.88; 95% confidence interval = 2.93-8.11) or who conducted the interview in Spanish (adjusted odds ratios = 4.97; 95% confidence interval = 3.00-8.24).

CONCLUSION:

We observed that certain sociodemographic and acculturation factors are associated with higher risks of anotia/microtia among offspring of Hispanic mothers.

KEYWORDS:

Hispanic; acculturation; anotia; microtia; nativity

PMID:
25074828
PMCID:
PMC4706758
DOI:
10.1002/bdra.23282
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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