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Paediatr Anaesth. 2014 Oct;24(10):1088-98. doi: 10.1111/pan.12495. Epub 2014 Jul 30.

Supraglottic airway devices vs tracheal intubation in children: a quantitative meta-analysis of respiratory complications.

Author information

1
Department of Anesthesia, Intensive Care, RobertDebré University Hospital, Paris, France; University Paris Diderot, Paris VII. Paris Sorbonne Cité, Paris, France.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Rate of perioperative respiratory complications between tracheal intubation (TI) and laryngeal mask airway remains unclear during pediatric anesthesia.

OBJECTIVES:

The aim of the present meta-analysis was to compare the perioperative respiratory complications between laryngeal mask airway and TI.

METHODS:

A meta-analysis of available controlled studies comparing laryngeal mask airway to TI was conducted. Studies including patients with airway infection were excluded. Data from each trial were combined to calculate the pooled odds ratios (OR) or mean difference (MD) and 95% confidence intervals.

RESULTS:

The meta-analysis was performed on 19 studies. In 12 studies, patients were given muscle relaxation, and in 16 studies, ventilation was controlled. During recovery from anesthesia, the incidence of desaturation (OR = 0.34 [0.19-0.62]), laryngospasm (OR = 0.34 [0.2-0.6]), cough (OR = 0.18 [0.11-0.27]), and breath holding (0.19 [0.05-0.68]) was lower when laryngeal mask airway was used to secure the airway. Postoperative incidences of sore throat (OR = 0.87 [0.53-1.44]), bronchospasm (OR = 0.56 [0.25-1.25]), aspiration (1.33 [0.46-3.91]) and blood staining on the device (OR = 0.62 [0.21-1.82]) did not differ between laryngeal mask airway and TI. Results were homogenous across the studies, with the exceptions of blood staining on the device.

CONCLUSIONS:

This meta-analysis found that the use of laryngeal mask airway in pediatric anesthesia results in a decrease in a number of common postanesthetic complications. It is therefore a valuable device for the management of the pediatric airway.

KEYWORDS:

airway; bronchospasm; children; desaturation; laryngeal mask; laryngospasm; respiratory complications; tracheal intubation

PMID:
25074619
DOI:
10.1111/pan.12495
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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