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Proteomics. 2014 Oct;14(19):2115-26. doi: 10.1002/pmic.201400131. Epub 2014 Aug 28.

How the proteome packages the genome for cardiovascular development.

Author information

1
Departments of Anesthesiology, Medicine and Physiology, David Geffen School of Medicine, University of California, Los Angeles, CA, USA.

Abstract

The devastating impact of congenital heart defects has made mechanisms of vertebrate heart and vascular development an active area of study. Because myocyte death is a common feature of acquired cardiovascular diseases and the adult heart does not regenerate, the need exists to understand whether features of the developing heart and vasculature-which are more plastic-can be exploited therapeutically in the disease setting. We know that a core network of transcription factors governs commitment to the cardiovascular lineage, and recent studies using genetic loss-of-function approaches and unbiased genomic studies have revealed the role for various chromatin modulatory events. We reason that chromatin structure itself is a causal feature that influences transcriptome complexity along a developmental continuum, and the purpose of this article is to highlight the areas in which 'omics technologies have the potential to reveal new principles of phenotypic plasticity in development. We review the major mechanisms of chromatin structural regulation, highlighting what is known about their actions to control cardiovascular differentiation. We discuss emergent mechanisms of regulation that have been identified on the basis of genomic and proteomic studies of cardiac nuclei and identify current challenges to an integrated understanding of chromatin structure and cardiovascular phenotype.

KEYWORDS:

Chromatin; Epigenetics; Genomics; Heart; Systems biology; Vasculature

PMID:
25074278
PMCID:
PMC4270204
DOI:
10.1002/pmic.201400131
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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