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Mycobiology. 2014 Jun;42(2):114-9. doi: 10.5941/MYCO.2014.42.2.114. Epub 2014 Jun 30.

Re-evaluation of the Genus Antrodia (Polyporales, Basidiomycota) in Korea.

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School of Biological Sciences, Seoul National University, Seoul 151-747, Korea.
Division of Environmental Science and Ecological Engineering, College of Life Science and Biotechnology, Korea University, Seoul 136-701, Korea.


The wood decay fungi Antrodia P. Karst. play important ecological roles and have significant industrial and economic impacts as both wood degraders and sources of pharmaceutical and biotechnological products. Although each Antrodia species has distinct morphological characteristics, the misidentification rate is especially high due to their simple morphological characters. A combination of morphological and internal transcribed spacer region sequence analyses revealed that 27 of 89 specimens previously identified by morphology alone were correct, whereas 35 of these specimens were misidentified as other Antrodia species. We report here that seven Antrodia species exist in Korea (A. albida, A. heteromorpha, A. malicola, A. serialis, A. sinuosa, A. sitchensis, and A. xantha) and based on these specimens, we provide taxonomic descriptions of these species, except for A. serialis, which was only confirmed by isolate.


Antrodia; Biotechnological products; Fungal barcode; ITS; Wood decay fungus

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