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Oncotarget. 2014 Jul 30;5(14):5712-24.

FAS/FASL are dysregulated in chordoma and their loss-of-function impairs zebrafish notochord formation.

Author information

1
Dipartimento di Biotecnologie Mediche e Medicina Traslazionale, Università Degli Studi di Milano, Via Viotti 3/5 20133 Milan, Italy; These authors contribute equally in this study.
2
Dipartimento di Biotecnologie Mediche e Medicina Traslazionale, Università Degli Studi di Milano, Via Viotti 3/5 20133 Milan, Italy; Dipartimento di Bioscienze, Università Degli Studi di Milano, Via Celoria 26 20133 Milan, Italy; These authors contribute equally in this study.
3
Dipartimento di Biotecnologie Mediche e Medicina Traslazionale, Università Degli Studi di Milano, Via Viotti 3/5 20133 Milan, Italy.
4
Dipartimento di Neurochirurgia, Università Vita-Salute IRCCS Ospedale San Raffaele, Via Olgettina 60, 20132 Milan, Italy.
5
Department of Biology, College of Science and Technology, Temple University, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19122, USA; Sbarro Institute for Cancer Research and Molecular Medicine, College of Science and Technology, Temple University, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19122, USA.
6
Dipartimento di Bioscienze, Università Degli Studi di Milano, Via Celoria 26 20133 Milan, Italy.

Abstract

Chordoma is a rare malignant tumor that recapitulates the notochord phenotype and is thought to derive from notochord remnants not correctly regressed during development. Apoptosis is necessary for the proper notochord development in vertebrates, and the apoptotic pathway mediated by Fas and Fasl has been demonstrated to be involved in notochord cells regression. This study was conducted to investigate the expression of FAS/FASL pathway in a cohort of skull base chordomas and to analyze the role of fas/fasl homologs in zebrafish notochord formation. FAS/FASL expression was found to be dysregulated in chordoma leading to inactivation of the downstream Caspases in the samples analyzed. Both fas and fasl were specifically expressed in zebrafish notochord sorted cells. fas and fasl loss-of-function mainly resulted in larvae with notochord multi-cell-layer jumps organization, larger vacuolated notochord cells, defects in the peri-notochordal sheath structure and in vertebral mineralization. Interestingly, we observed the persistent expression of ntla and col2a1a, the zebrafish homologs of the human T gene and COL2A1 respectively, which are specifically up-regulated in chordoma. These results demonstrate for the first time the dysregulation of FAS/FASL in chordoma and their role in notochord formation in the zebrafish model, suggesting their possible implication in chordoma onset.

PMID:
25071022
PMCID:
PMC4170636
DOI:
10.18632/oncotarget.2145
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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