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Hypertens Pregnancy. 2014 Nov;33(4):467-75. doi: 10.3109/10641955.2014.944709. Epub 2014 Jul 28.

Maternal serum apelin and YKL-40 levels in early and late-onset pre-eclampsia.

Author information

1
Department of Biochemistry and.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

The aim of the present study is to investigate whether alterations in the serum levels of apelin and YKL-40 differ between early and late onset pre-eclampsia and whether there is a correlation between apelin and YKL-40 in women who subsequently develop early and late pre-eclampsia.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

A total number of 80 pregnant women, 40 with normal pregnancy and 40 with pre-eclampsia, were included in the present study. Both the normal pregnant and pre-eclamptic subjects were subdivided into two groups. Serum YKL-40 and apelin concentrations were measured.

RESULTS:

Mean maternal serum YKL-40 levels were both lower in women who subsequently developed early (87.45 ± 3.07 versus 103.40 ± 4.29) or late (96.43 ± 4.06 versus 99.87 ± 3.63) pre-eclampsia than those who remained normotensive. The difference was significant in early-onset preeclamptic women (p < 0.05) rather than late-onset pre-eclamptic ones (p > 0.05). Mean maternal serum apelin levels were both higher in women who subsequently developed early (8.6 ± 3.6 versus 5.7 ± 1.2) or late (9.6 ± 2.5 versus 8.1 ± 1.8) pre-eclampsia than those who remained normotensive. The difference was significant in early-onset preeclamptic women (p < 0.05) rather than late-onset pre-eclamptic ones (p > 0.05). There was a significant negative correlation between serum apelin and YKL-40 levels (r = -0.48, p = 0.001).

CONCLUSION:

Circulating levels of apelin are significantly increased in early-onset pre-eclampsia, indicating the role of apelin in the discrimination of the early-onset of pre-eclampsia. On the other hand, maternal serum YKL-40 levels are not elavated significantly, indicating that adipose-derived apelin is primarily involved in the vascular pathogenesis of early-onset pre-eclampsia than macrophage-derived YKL-40.

KEYWORDS:

Apelin; Early-onset; Late-onset; Pre-eclampsia; YKL-40.

PMID:
25068525
DOI:
10.3109/10641955.2014.944709
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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