Send to

Choose Destination
An Pediatr (Barc). 2015 Apr;82(4):242-6. doi: 10.1016/j.anpedi.2014.05.023. Epub 2014 Jul 22.

[Viral respiratory tract infections in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit].

[Article in Spanish]

Author information

Departamento de Neonatología y Pediatría, Hospital Severo Ochoa, Leganés, Madrid, España.
Departamento de Neonatología y Pediatría, Hospital Severo Ochoa, Leganés, Madrid, España. Electronic address:
Laboratorio de Virus Respiratorios y Gripe, Centro Nacional de Microbiología, Instituto de Salud Carlos III, Madrid, España.



Viral respiratory infections cause major morbidity and mortality in preterm infants. We have performed a prospective study in our neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) to determine the incidence of respiratory infections, their impact and the epidemiology and outcome in high risk neonates.


From September 2011 to May 2013 a prospective study was conducted in all preterm infants < 32 weeks gestational age and in all term newborns admitted to NICU for any pathology that are anticipated to have an income exceeding two weeks. A nasopharyngeal aspirate (NPA) was collected the first day of life and weekly until discharge for virologic study with polymerase chain reaction. When these babies presented respiratory symptoms a new NPA was collected in this moment. A clinical form was filled by the physician.


A total of 60 infants were analyzed: 30 (50%) had a gestational age < 32 weeks and 36 (60%) weighing less than 1500 grams. We collected a total of 256 nasopharyngeal aspirate samples, 24 of them being positive (9.3%). These 24 positive samples corresponded to 13 infants in our cohort (21.6% of the patients). Of them, 9 were symptomatic and had 11 episodes of infection (2 patients had two different episodes with negative control between them). The most frequently identified virus was rhinovirus in (19) 79% of cases. The most frequent clinical data was the presence or increased of apneas (75%) and the needed of oxygenotherapy.


HRV infections are prevalent in the NICU, and preterm infants have a high risk of infections with clinical relevance.


Infecciones del tracto respiratorio; Preterm infants; Pretérmino; Respiratory syncytial virus; Respiratory tract infections; Rhinovirus; Rinovirus; Virus respiratorio sincitial

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Ediciones Doyma, S.L.
Loading ...
Support Center