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J Comput Neurosci. 2014 Dec;37(3):481-92. doi: 10.1007/s10827-014-0516-6. Epub 2014 Jul 27.

Dimensional reduction of a V1 ring model with simple and complex cells.

Author information

1
Center for Bioinformatics, National Laboratory of Protein Engineering and Plant Genetics Engineering, College of Life Sciences, Peking University, Number 5 Summer Palace Road, Beijing, 100871, People's Republic of China.

Abstract

In this paper, we extend a framework for constructing low-dimensional dynamical systems models of mammalian primary visual cortex to a cortical network model that incorporates the full nonlinear effects of complex cells. The procedure consists of capturing the essential dynamics in a low-dimensional subspace using empirical methods, then recasting the equations in the reduced vector space. Previously, we considered visual cortical network models consisting of only simple cells with nearly linear responses to external stimuli. Here we show that fully nonlinear effects can be incorporated by examining the dimensional reduction of an idealized ring model of V1 with both simple and complex cells. We found it expedient to divide the subspace into four separate neuronal populations: excitatory simple, excitatory complex, inhibitory simple and inhibitory complex. In order to reproduce the fluctuation-driven dynamics in this reduced space, we incorporated (1) white noises with different intensities into individual neuronal populations, and (2) firing rate estimates to capture the probability of firing due to subthreshold fluctuations. With a more accurate, fitted connectivity, our modified dimensional reduced models can reproduce the firing rates, circular variances and modulation ratios observed in the original ring model.

PMID:
25064183
DOI:
10.1007/s10827-014-0516-6
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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