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Bone. 2014 Nov;68:153-61. doi: 10.1016/j.bone.2014.07.019. Epub 2014 Jul 23.

Juvenile Paget's disease with heterozygous duplication within TNFRSF11A encoding RANK.

Author information

1
Center for Metabolic Bone Disease and Molecular Research, Shriners Hospital for Children, St. Louis, MO 63131, USA,; Division of Bone and Mineral Diseases, Washington University School of Medicine at Barnes-Jewish Hospital, St. Louis, MO 63110, USA. Electronic address: Mwhyte@shrinenet.org.
2
Metabolismo Calcico y Oseo, Endocrinology, Hospital Pediatrics J.P. Garrahan, Buenos Aires, Argentina. Electronic address: cristinatau1@yahoo.com.ar.
3
Department of Pediatric Radiology, Mallinckrodt Institute of Radiology at St. Louis Children's Hospital, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, MO 63110, USA,. Electronic address: mcalisterw@mir.wustl.edu.
4
Division of Bone and Mineral Diseases, Washington University School of Medicine at Barnes-Jewish Hospital, St. Louis, MO 63110, USA. Electronic address: xiafang@prodigy.net.
5
Division of Bone and Mineral Diseases, Washington University School of Medicine at Barnes-Jewish Hospital, St. Louis, MO 63110, USA; Department of Pathology, Washington University School of Medicine at Barnes-Jewish Hospital, St. Louis, MO 63110, USA. Electronic address: Novack@wustl.edu.
6
Department of Pediatric Integral Odontology, Faculty of Dentistry, University of Buenos Aires, Buenos Aires, Argentina. Electronic address: alfredo.preliasco@speedy.com.ar.
7
Laboratory of Orthopedic Pathology, Central Army Hospital, Buenos Aires, Argentina. Electronic address: santiniaraujo@laborpat.com.ar.
8
Center for Metabolic Bone Disease and Molecular Research, Shriners Hospital for Children, St. Louis, MO 63131, USA,; Division of Bone and Mineral Diseases, Washington University School of Medicine at Barnes-Jewish Hospital, St. Louis, MO 63110, USA. Electronic address: smumm@dom.wustl.edu.

Abstract

Mendelian disorders of RANKL/OPG/RANK signaling feature the extremes of aberrant osteoclastogenesis and cause either osteopetrosis or rapid turnover skeletal disease. The patients with autosomal dominant accelerated bone remodeling have familial expansile osteolysis, early-onset Paget's disease of bone, expansile skeletal hyperphosphatasia, or panostotic expansile bone disease due to heterozygous 18-, 27-, 15-, and 12-bp insertional duplications, respectively, within exon 1 of TNFRSF11A that encodes the signal peptide of RANK. Juvenile Paget's disease (JPD), an autosomal recessive disorder, manifests extremely fast skeletal remodeling, and is usually caused by loss-of-function mutations within TNFRSF11B that encodes OPG. These disorders are ultra-rare. A 13-year-old Bolivian girl was referred at age 3years. One femur was congenitally short and curved. Then, both bowed. Deafness at age 2years involved missing ossicles and eroded cochleas. Teeth often had absorbed roots, broke, and were lost. Radiographs had revealed acquired tubular bone widening, cortical thickening, and coarse trabeculation. Biochemical markers indicated rapid skeletal turnover. Histopathology showed accelerated remodeling with abundant osteoclasts. JPD was diagnosed. Immobilization from a femur fracture caused severe hypercalcemia that responded rapidly to pamidronate treatment followed by bone turnover marker and radiographic improvement. No TNFRSF11B mutation was found. Instead, a unique heterozygous 15-bp insertional tandem duplication (87dup15) within exon 1 of TNFRSF11A predicted the same pentapeptide extension of RANK that causes expansile skeletal hyperphosphatasia (84dup15). Single nucleotide polymorphisms in TNFRSF11A and TNFRSF11B possibly impacted her phenotype. Our findings: i) reveal that JPD can be associated with an activating mutation within TNFRSF11A, ii) expand the range and overlap of phenotypes among the Mendelian disorders of RANK activation, and iii) call for mutation analysis to improve diagnosis, prognostication, recurrence risk assessment, and perhaps treatment selection among the monogenic disorders of RANKL/OPG/RANK activation.

KEYWORDS:

Bone remodeling; Deafness; Osteolysis; Osteoprotegerin; Tooth loss; Vascular calcification

PMID:
25063546
PMCID:
PMC4189967
DOI:
10.1016/j.bone.2014.07.019
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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