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Soc Cogn Affect Neurosci. 2015 Mar;10(3):357-63. doi: 10.1093/scan/nsu096. Epub 2014 Jul 25.

God will forgive: reflecting on God's love decreases neurophysiological responses to errors.

Author information

1
Psychology Department, Redeemer University College, Ancaster, ON, Canada, L9K 1J4, Psychology Department, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada, MiC 1A4 and Psychology Department, Brigham Young University, Provo, UT, USA, 84602 mgood@redeemer.ca.
2
Psychology Department, Redeemer University College, Ancaster, ON, Canada, L9K 1J4, Psychology Department, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada, MiC 1A4 and Psychology Department, Brigham Young University, Provo, UT, USA, 84602.

Abstract

In religions where God is portrayed as both loving and wrathful, religious beliefs may be a source of fear as well as comfort. Here, we consider if God's love may be more effective, relative to God's wrath, for soothing distress, but less effective for helping control behavior. Specifically, we assess whether contemplating God's love reduces our ability to detect and emotionally react to conflict between one's behavior and overarching religious standards. We do so within a neurophysiological framework, by observing the effects of exposure to concepts of God's love vs punishment on the error-related negativity (ERN)--a neural signal originating in the anterior cingulate cortex that is associated with performance monitoring and affective responses to errors. Participants included 123 students at Brigham Young University, who completed a Go/No-Go task where they made 'religious' errors (i.e. ostensibly exhibited pro-alcohol tendencies). Reflecting on God's love caused dampened ERNs and worse performance on the Go/No-Go task. Thinking about God's punishment did not affect performance or ERNs. Results suggest that one possible reason religiosity is generally linked to positive well-being may be because of a decreased affective response to errors that occurs when God's love is prominent in the minds of believers.

KEYWORDS:

control; error-related negativity; religion; well-being

PMID:
25062839
PMCID:
PMC4350493
DOI:
10.1093/scan/nsu096
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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