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J Am Chem Soc. 2014 Aug 6;136(31):10921-9. doi: 10.1021/ja502295c. Epub 2014 Jul 25.

From {Au(I)···Au(I)}-coupled cages to the cage-built 2-D {Au(I)···Au(I)} arrays: Au(I)···Au(I) bonding interaction driven self-assembly and their Ag(I) sensing and photo-switchable behavior.

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Beijing Key Laboratory for Green Catalysis and Separation, Department of Chemistry and Chemical Industry, College of Environmental and Energy Engineering, Beijing University of Technology , Beijing 100124, P. R. China.


Metal-metal bonding interactions have been used to generate a number of unique supramolecular assemblies with fascinating functions. We presented here a new class of gold(I)-containing metallosupramolecular cages and cage-built two-dimensional (2-D) arrays of {Au8L2}n (n = 1 or ∞, L = tetrakis-dithiocarbamato-calix[4]arene, TDCC), 1-3, which are constructed from the self-assembly of deep-cavitand calix[4]arene-based supramolecular cages consisting of octanuclear Au(I) motifs. Synchrotron radiation X-ray diffraction structural analyses of 1-3 revealed their quadruple-stranded helicate dimeric cage structure and the presence of 2-D arrays of cages linked together by inter- and intramolecular Au(I)···Au(I) interactions. Electronic absorption and emission studies of complexes 1-3 indicated the occurrence of a programmable self-assembly process in a concentration-dependent stepwise manner with the links built via aurophilic interactions. These novel gold(I) supramolecular cages exhibited green phosphorescence and have been shown to serve as highly selective proof-of-concept luminescent sensors toward Ag(I) cation among various competitive transition-metal ions.


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