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J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2014 Nov;99(11):E2298-307. doi: 10.1210/jc.2014-1779. Epub 2014 Jul 25.

BAG3 promoted starvation-induced apoptosis of thyroid cancer cells via attenuation of autophagy.

Author information

1
Departments of Endocrinology and Metabolism (S.L., T.W., Z.-X.D.), Geriatrics (H.-Y.Z.), and Biochemistry and Molecular Biology (X.M., Z.-H.Z., D.-H.K., H.-Q.W.), the First Affiliated Hospital, China Medical University, Shenyang 110001, China.

Abstract

CONTEXT:

BAG3 plays a regulatory role in a number of cellular processes. Recent studies have attracted much attention on its role in activation of selective autophagy. In addition, we have very recently reported that BAG3 is implicated in a BECN1-independent autophagy, namely noncanonical autophagy.

OBJECTIVE:

The current study aimed to investigate the potential involvement of BAG3 in canonical autophagy triggered by Earle's Balanced Salt Solution (EBSS) starvation.

SETTING AND DESIGN:

Replacement of complete medium with EBSS was used to trigger canonical autophagy. BAG3 expression was measured using real-time RT-PCR and Western blot. Autophagy was monitored using LC3-II transition and p62/SQSTM1 accumulation by Western blot, as well as punctate distribution of LC3 by immunofluorescence staining. Cell growth and apoptotic cell death was investigated using real-time cell analyzer and flowcytometry, respectively.

RESULTS:

BAG3 expression was potently reduced by EBSS starvation. Forced expression of BAG3 suppressed autophagy and promoted apoptotic cell death of thyroid cancer cells elicited by starvation. In addition, in the presence of autophagy inhibitor, the enhancing effect of BAG3 on apoptotic cell death was attenuated.

CONCLUSIONS:

These results suggest that BAG3 promotes apoptotic cell death in starved thyroid cancer cells, at least in part by autophagy attenuation.

PMID:
25062457
DOI:
10.1210/jc.2014-1779
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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