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Exerc Sport Sci Rev. 2014 Oct;42(4):145-52. doi: 10.1249/JES.0000000000000027.

Stress, behavior, and biology: risk factors for cardiovascular diseases in youth.

Author information

1
1Department of Pediatrics, School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, University at Buffalo, Buffalo, NY; 2USDA, ARS, Grand Forks Human Nutrition Center, Grand Forks, ND; and 3Departments of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences and Social and Preventive Medicine, School of Public Health and Health Professions, University at Buffalo, Buffalo, NY.

Abstract

Psychological stress reactivity is associated with atherogenesis in youth. The novel hypothesis is that stress promotes atherogenic behaviors, including snacking on energy-dense food and reducing physical activity, and increases adiposity. Stress also increases systolic blood pressure cardiovascular reactivity, which also may be atherogenic. Exercise dampens stress reactivity and may be one mechanism by which it protects against the development of cardiovascular diseases.

PMID:
25061998
PMCID:
PMC6459183
DOI:
10.1249/JES.0000000000000027
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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