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Vet Microbiol. 2014 Sep 17;173(1-2):152-5. doi: 10.1016/j.vetmic.2014.06.029. Epub 2014 Jul 7.

Molecular and serologic detection of Coxiella burnetii in native Korean goats (Capra hircus coreanae).

Author information

1
Animal Disease Diagnostic Division, Animal and Plant Quarantine Agency, Anyang, South Korea.
2
College of Veterinary Medicine and Cardiovascular Research Institute, Kyungpook National University, Daegu, South Korea; Foot and Mouth Disease Division, Animal and Plant Quarantine Agency, Anyang, South Korea.
3
College of Veterinary Medicine and Cardiovascular Research Institute, Kyungpook National University, Daegu, South Korea.
4
College of Veterinary Medicine and Cardiovascular Research Institute, Kyungpook National University, Daegu, South Korea. Electronic address: dmkwak@knu.ac.kr.

Abstract

The occurrence of Q fever in native Korean goats (Capra hircus coreanae) was investigated for the first time in the country using ELISA and PCR. A total of 597 blood samples were collected from goats belonging to five different provinces of Korea. To detect Coxiella burnetii, sera were separated from the whole blood and analysed by ELISA; DNA was extracted directly from the whole blood and analysed by PCR. Overall, 114 (19.1%, 95% C.I.=16.1-22.4) and 57 goats (9.5%, 95% C.I.=7.5-12.2) tested positive for C. burnetii in the ELISA- and PCR-based screening, respectively, while 18 goats (3.0%, 95% C.I.=1.9-4.7) tested positive in both the assays. There was a significant difference between the number of ELISA- and PCR-positive goats (P<0.05). The seroprevalence of Q fever was significantly higher among the adult goats (≥1y, 22.0%) than among the young goats (<1y, 13.8%) (P<0.05). While the results of the serologic analysis showed no seasonal variation, data from the PCR-based assay indicated that there were a higher number of positive cases during the cold seasons. Because Q fever infection has high rates of prevalence in native Korean goats, further studies on humans at a high risk of contracting this disease should be conducted. The PCR-based assay used in this study is a useful method for the direct detection of C. burnetii in blood samples from small ruminants.

KEYWORDS:

ELISA; Native Korean goat; PCR; Q fever

PMID:
25061007
DOI:
10.1016/j.vetmic.2014.06.029
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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