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J Neuroimaging. 2015 May-Jun;25(3):438-42. doi: 10.1111/jon.12151. Epub 2014 Jul 25.

Central aortic pressure and pulsatility index in acute ischemic stroke.

Author information

1
Department of Neurology, Sanggye Paik Hospital, Inje University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE:

We investigated the relationship between transcranial Doppler (TCD) pulsatility index (PI) and central aortic pressure by measurement of the aortic augmentation index (AIx).

METHODS:

We enrolled 148 consecutive patients with a diagnosis of acute ischemic stroke. Patients were eligible for the study if they experienced their first ischemic stroke within the preceding 7 days and were 45 years of age or older. At Day 7 (±2) after stroke onset, TCD studies were performed and AIx was measured by applanation tonometry on the same days.

RESULTS:

The mean age was 66.3 (47-90) years and 37.8% were women. The mean middle cerebral artery (MCA) PI was significantly related with age (r =.361), hypertension (r = .184), peripheral systolic blood pressure (SBP; r = .211), peripheral pulse pressure (PP; r = .396), aortic SBP (r = .184), aortic DBP (r = -.181), and aortic PP (r = .371). The basilar artery (BA) PI was significantly related with age (r = .311), peripheral DBP (r = -.267), peripheral PP (r = .358), aortic DBP (r = -.266), and aortic PP (r = .347).

CONCLUSIONS:

TCD PI was significantly related with central aortic pressure, especially PP. The PI in the MCA and BA is closely associated with the pulsatile component of BP in the systemic circulation.

KEYWORDS:

Arterial stiffness; central aortic pressure; ischemic stroke; pulsatility index

PMID:
25060557
DOI:
10.1111/jon.12151
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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