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Nutr Clin Pract. 2014 Jul 23. pii: 0884533614543833. [Epub ahead of print]

Disaster Nutrition in the Great East Japan Earthquake Disaster.

Author information

  • 1Department of Food Science and Nutrition, Mukogawa Women's University, Nishinomiya, Japan
  • 2Department of Food Science and Nutrition, Graduate School of Human Environmental Sciences, Mukogawa Women's University, Nishinomiya, Japan Department of Nutrition Management, Kobe City Medical Center General Hospital, Kobe, Japan.
  • 3Department of Gastroenterology, Fukushima Rosai Hospital, Iwaki, Japan.
  • 4Department of Surgery, Fukushima Rosai Hospital, Iwaki, Japan.


The Great East Japan Earthquake Disaster (GEJED) struck the northeast region of Honshu, the main island of Japan, on March 11, 2011. This mega-disaster claimed more than 15,000 lives, with approximately 3000 later deaths being disaster related. The GEJED consisted of a mega-earthquake, tsunami, and nuclear accident. Survivors living in temporary shelters might have received insufficient levels of vitamins, with the exception of vitamin B1, which appeared to be overestimated, and excess levels of sodium. However, scientific data collection and surveys following the GEJED were extremely limited. This experience highlights the need to prepare an "emergency nutrition assessment" system for optimal nutrition in future disasters.


Fukushima Nuclear Accident; Great East Japan Earthquake Disaster; disaster medicine; disasters; emergency treatment; nutritional status

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