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Bipolar Disord. 2015 Feb;17(1):63-75. doi: 10.1111/bdi.12238. Epub 2014 Jul 24.

The efficacy and tolerability of cariprazine in acute mania associated with bipolar I disorder: a phase II trial.

Author information

1
Clinical Development, Forest Research Institute, Jersey City, NJ.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

Cariprazine, an orally active and potent dopamine D3 and D2 receptor partial agonist with preferential binding to D3 receptors, is being developed for the treatment of schizophrenia and bipolar mania. This Phase II trial evaluated the efficacy, safety, and tolerability of cariprazine versus placebo in the treatment of acute manic or mixed episodes associated with bipolar I disorder.

METHODS:

This was a multinational, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, flexible-dose study of cariprazine 3-12 mg/day in patients with acute manic or mixed episodes associated with bipolar I disorder. Following washout, patients received three weeks of double-blind treatment. The primary and secondary efficacy parameters were change from baseline to Week 3 in Young Mania Rating Scale (YMRS) and Clinical Global Impressions-Severity (CGI-S) scores, respectively. Post-hoc analysis evaluated changes on YMRS single items.

RESULTS:

In each group, 118 patients received double-blind treatment; 61.9% of placebo and 63.6% of cariprazine patients completed the study. The overall mean daily dose of cariprazine was 8.8 mg/day. At Week 3, cariprazine significantly reduced YMRS and CGI-S scores versus placebo, with least square mean differences of -6.1 (p < 0.001) and -0.6 (p < 0.001), respectively. On each YMRS item, change from baseline to Week 3 was significantly greater for cariprazine versus placebo (all, p < 0.05). A significantly greater percentage of cariprazine patients than placebo patients met YMRS response (48% versus 25%; p < 0.001) and remission (42% versus 23%; p = 0.002) criteria at Week 3. Adverse events (AEs) led to discontinuation of 12 (10%) placebo and 17 (14%) cariprazine patients. The most common AEs (> 10% for cariprazine) were extrapyramidal disorder, headache, akathisia, constipation, nausea, and dyspepsia. Changes in metabolic parameters were similar between groups, with the exception of fasting glucose; increases in glucose were significantly greater for cariprazine versus placebo (p < 0.05). Based on Barnes Akathisia Rating Scale and Simpson-Angus Scale scores, more cariprazine than placebo patients experienced treatment-emergent akathisia (cariprazine: 22%; placebo: 6%) or extrapyramidal symptoms (parkinsonism) (cariprazine: 16%; placebo: 1%).

CONCLUSION:

Cariprazine demonstrated superior efficacy versus placebo and was generally well tolerated in patients experiencing acute manic or mixed episodes associated with bipolar I disorder.

KEYWORDS:

antipsychotic agents; bipolar disorder; cariprazine; dopamine D3 receptors; dopamine agents; schizophrenia

PMID:
25056368
DOI:
10.1111/bdi.12238
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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