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J Psychiatr Res. 2014 Oct;57:74-83. doi: 10.1016/j.jpsychires.2014.06.009. Epub 2014 Jun 26.

Near-infrared spectroscopic study of frontopolar activation during face-to-face conversation in major depressive disorder and bipolar disorder.

Author information

1
Department of Psychiatry and Neuroscience, Gunma University of Graduate School of Medicine, 3-39-22 Showa, Maebashi, Gunma 371-8511, Japan. Electronic address: tyuichi@gunma-u.ac.jp.
2
Department of Psychiatry and Neuroscience, Gunma University of Graduate School of Medicine, 3-39-22 Showa, Maebashi, Gunma 371-8511, Japan.

Abstract

Major depressive disorder (MDD) and bipolar disorder (BD) patients show speech characteristics that vary greatly according to mood state. In a previous study, we found impaired temporal and right inferior frontal gyrus (IFG) activation in schizophrenia during face-to-face conversation; no study had, however, previously investigated mood disorders during face-to-face conversation. Here, we investigated frontal and temporal lobe activation during conversation in patients with MDD and BD. Frontal and temporal lobe activation was measured using near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) in 29 patients with MDD, 31 patients with BD, and 31 normal controls (NC). We compared continuous activation and rapid change of activation with talk/listen phase changes during the conversation and analyzed the correlation between these indices and clinical variables. Both the MDD and BD groups showed decreased continuous activation in the left dorsolateral prefrontal (DLPFC) and left frontopolar cortices (FPCs); they also showed decreased rapid change in bilateral FPC activation. In the MDD group, the rapid change of activation was positively correlated with Global Assessment of Functioning (GAF) scores. In the BD group, continuous activation was negatively correlated with age of onset. These results indicate that frontal activation during conversation decreases in both MDD and BD. However, both continuous activation and rapid change may reflect the pathophysiological character of MDD and BD; in particular, the reduced amount of rapid change in the right FPC may be related to impaired adaptive ability in MDD.

KEYWORDS:

Bipolar disorder; Major depression; Mood disorder; Near-infrared spectroscopy; Social cognition; Talk

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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