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Neurorehabil Neural Repair. 2015 Mar-Apr;29(3):278-86. doi: 10.1177/1545968314543652. Epub 2014 Jul 22.

GABA levels are decreased after stroke and GABA changes during rehabilitation correlate with motor improvement.

Author information

1
Aarhus University, Aarhus, Denmark Hammel Neurorehabilitation and Research Centre, Aarhus University Hospital, Hammel, Denmark jbli@cfin.au.dk.
2
McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada.
3
Hammel Neurorehabilitation and Research Centre, Aarhus University Hospital, Hammel, Denmark.
4
Oxford University, Oxford, UK.
5
Aarhus University, Aarhus, Denmark.

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE:

γ-Aminobutyric acid (GABA) is the dominant inhibitory neurotransmitter in the brain and is important in motor learning. We aimed to measure GABA content in primary motor cortex poststroke (using GABA-edited magnetic resonance spectroscopy [MRS]) and in relation to motor recovery during 2 weeks of constraint-induced movement therapy (CIMT).

METHODS:

Twenty-one patients (3-12 months poststroke) and 20 healthy subjects were recruited. Magnetic resonance imaging structural T1 and GABA-edited MRS were performed at baseline and after CIMT, and once in healthy subjects. GABA:creatine (GABA:Cr) ratio was measured by GABA-edited MRS. Motor function was measured using Wolf Motor Function Test (WMFT).

RESULTS:

Baseline comparison between stroke patients (n = 19) and healthy subjects showed a significantly lower GABA:Cr ratio in stroke patients (P < .001) even after correcting for gray matter content in the voxel (P < .01) and when expressing GABA relative to N-acetylaspartic acid (NAA; P = .03). After 2 weeks of CIMT patients improved significantly on WMFT, but no consistent change across the group was observed for the GABA:Cr ratio (n = 17). However, the extent of improvement on WMFT correlated significantly with the magnitude of GABA:Cr changes (P < .01), with decreases in GABA:Cr ratio being associated with better improvements in motor function.

CONCLUSIONS:

In patients 3 to 12 months poststroke, GABA levels are lower in the primary motor cortex than in healthy subjects. The observed association between GABA and recovery warrants further studies on the potential use of GABA MRS as a biomarker in poststroke recovery.

KEYWORDS:

GABA; constraint-induced movement therapy; magnetic resonance spectroscopy; rehabilitation; stroke

PMID:
25055837
PMCID:
PMC5435106
DOI:
10.1177/1545968314543652
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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