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Clin Transl Sci. 2014 Oct;7(5):402-5. doi: 10.1111/cts.12189. Epub 2014 Jul 23.

A model for developing, evaluating, and disseminating best practices in education and training.

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Department of Health Policy and Management, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, USA; Center for Health Services Research in Primary Care, Department of Veterans Affairs, Durham, North Carolina, USA.


With the shift toward team-based translational science came recognition that existing strategies for training individual investigators and retaining them in the biomedical workforce would be inadequate. To support this shift, it is important to: develop innovative strategies to educate and train diverse members of research teams; evaluate those programs; and disseminate best practices broadly. We have developed a four-phase model to facilitate the development, evaluation, and widespread dissemination of innovative strategies to train the biomedical research workforce. Phase I (Innovate) involves small scale trials of programs to address perceived training needs or new methods of delivery. Phase II (Incubate) refines and evaluates promising Phase I activities on a larger scale. Phase III (Translate) seeks to replicate initial successes either locally (Phase IIIa) or with other interested institutions (Phase IIIb). Phase IV (Disseminate) assesses whether identified local best practices can have success on a broader scale. We present specific examples from our own experience that demonstrate the utility of this model, and then conclude with opportunities and challenges related to the education and training of this workforce.


dissemination; education; training

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