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Facial Plast Surg Clin North Am. 2014 Aug;22(3):337-41. doi: 10.1016/j.fsc.2014.04.005. Epub 2014 Jun 10.

Beauty in a multicultural world.

Author information

1
Department of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery, University of Illinois, 1855 West Taylor Street, MC 648, Room 2.42, Chicago, IL 60612, USA. Electronic address: dmweeks4@hotmail.com.
2
Department of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery, University of Illinois, 1855 West Taylor Street, MC 648, Room 2.42, Chicago, IL 60612, USA.

Abstract

The increased demand for facial cosmetic surgery has come from a more diverse, informed, and selective patient population from all walks of life. Virtually no two patients have the same background or cosmetic objectives. However, the classic tenets of beauty including phi, symmetry, averageness, youthfulness, and sexual dimorphism can be applied to persons of all ethnicities to assist in objectifying the abstract concept.

KEYWORDS:

Attractiveness; Definitions of beauty; Divine ratio; Facial appearance; Facial symmetry; Multicultural appearances

PMID:
25049119
DOI:
10.1016/j.fsc.2014.04.005
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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