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AIDS Behav. 2014 Sep;18(9):1764-75. doi: 10.1007/s10461-014-0846-4.

Risk compensation following male circumcision: results from a two-year prospective cohort study of recently circumcised and uncircumcised men in Nyanza Province, Kenya.

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1
Division of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, University of Illinois at Chicago, 1603 W. Taylor St. MC 923, Chicago, IL, 60612, USA, nweste1@uic.edu.

Abstract

We present the results of the first study of longitudinal change in HIV-associated risk behaviors in men before and after circumcision in the context of a population-level voluntary medical male circumcision (VMMC) program. The behaviors of 1,588 newly circumcised men and 1,598 age-matched uncircumcised controls were assessed at baseline, 6, 12, 18 and 24 months of follow-up. Despite the precipitous decline in perception of high HIV risk among circumcised men (30-14 vs. 24-21 % in controls) and increased sexual activity among the youngest participants (18-24 years; p-time < 0.0001, p-group = 0.96), all specific risk behaviors decreased over time similarly in both groups. The proportion of men reporting condom use at last sex increased for both groups, with a greater increase among circumcised men (30 vs. 6 %). We found no evidence of risk compensation in men following circumcision. Concerns about risk compensation should not impede the widespread scale-up of VMMC initiatives.

PMID:
25047688
DOI:
10.1007/s10461-014-0846-4
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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