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J Affect Disord. 2014 Oct;168:86-90. doi: 10.1016/j.jad.2014.06.029. Epub 2014 Jul 5.

Social Phobia symptoms across the adult lifespan.

Author information

1
School of Psychology, University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD 4072, Australia. Electronic address: b.miloyan@uq.edu.au.
2
School of Psychology, University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD 4072, Australia.
3
School of Medicine, University of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia; Royal Brisbane & Women׳s Hospital, Brisbane, Australia.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

This study investigated symptom patterns that might distinguish between individuals with and without a diagnosis of Social Phobia (SP) across the adult lifespan.

METHODS:

A sample of 5411 self-reported social worriers was derived from Wave 1 (2001 and 2002) of the U.S. National Epidemiological Survey of Alcohol and Related Conditions (NESARC). Participants were stratified into four age groups (18-29 years, 30-44 years, 45-64 years, 65-96 years), and further divided into two diagnostic groups (self-reported social worriers with and without a SP diagnosis).

RESULTS:

Binary logistic regression analyses revealed that a core set of symptoms was associated with SP across the adult lifespan. There were also successive reductions in the number of symptoms associated with SP in each age group, such that older adults endorsed numerically fewer SP symptoms.

LIMITATIONS:

Though our sample size is smaller than ideal for the nature of our analyses, the NESARC represents one of the largest existing clinical datasets we know of.

CONCLUSIONS:

Despite age-related reductions in symptom frequency, a core set of SP symptoms consistently distinguished between diagnostic groups, irrespective of age.

KEYWORDS:

Assessment; Diagnosis; Social anxiety; Symptom presentation

PMID:
25043319
DOI:
10.1016/j.jad.2014.06.029
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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