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Meat Sci. 2014 Nov;98(3):383-91. doi: 10.1016/j.meatsci.2014.06.037. Epub 2014 Jul 4.

Use of mild irradiation doses to control pathogenic bacteria on meat trimmings for production of patties aiming at provoking minimal changes in quality attributes.

Author information

1
Instituto Nacional de Carnes, Rincón 545, CP 11000 Montevideo, Uruguay.
2
Laboratorio Tecnológico del Uruguay, Avda. Italia 6101, CP 11500 Montevideo, Uruguay.
3
Instituto Nacional de Carnes, Rincón 545, CP 11000 Montevideo, Uruguay. Electronic address: cmendez@inac.gub.uy.
4
Laboratorio Tecnológico del Uruguay, Avda. Italia 6101, CP 11500 Montevideo, Uruguay. Electronic address: tlopez@latu.org.uy.

Abstract

The objectives of the present work were to assess the use of moderate doses of gamma irradiation (2 to 5 kGy) and to reduce the risk of pathogen presence without altering the quality attributes of bovine trimmings and of patties made of irradiated trimmings. Microbiological indicators (coliforms, Pseudomonas spp and mesophilic aerobic counts), physicochemical indicators (pH, color and tiobarbituric acid) and sensory changes were evaluated during storage. 5 kGy irradiation doses slightly increased off flavors in patties. Two pathogenic markers (Listeria monocytogenes and Escherichia coli O157:H7) were inoculated at high or low loads to trimming samples which were subsequently irradiated and lethality curves were obtained. Provided that using irradiation doses ≤2.5 kGy are used, reductions of 2 log CFU/g of L. monocytogenes and 5 log CFU/g of E. coli O157:H7 are expected. It seems reasonable to suppose that irradiation can be successfully employed to improve the safety of frozen trimmings when initial pathogenic bacteria burdens are not extremely high.

KEYWORDS:

Beef patties; Escherichia coli O157:H7; Food safety; Irradiation; Listeria monocytogenes; Trimmings

PMID:
25042241
DOI:
10.1016/j.meatsci.2014.06.037
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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