Send to

Choose Destination
Lancet Oncol. 2014 Aug;15(9):1019-26. doi: 10.1016/S1470-2045(14)70311-0. Epub 2014 Jul 17.

Combination of ibrutinib with rituximab, cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, and prednisone (R-CHOP) for treatment-naive patients with CD20-positive B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma: a non-randomised, phase 1b study.

Author information

Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, New York, NY, USA. Electronic address:
Hemato-oncology Department, Hôpital Saint-Louis, AP-HP, P7 University, Paris, France.
Hematology, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Lille, Lille, France.
Sarah Cannon Research Institute, Nashville, TN, USA.
Wilmot Cancer Institute, University of Rochester, Rochester, NY, USA.
The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX, USA.
Janssen Research and Development, Leiden, Belgium.
Janssen Research and Development, Raritan, NJ, USA.
Janssen Research and Development, Beerse, Belgium.
Janssen Research and Development, Springhouse, PA, USA.



Present first-line therapy for diffuse large B-cell lymphoma, a subtype of non-Hodgkin lymphoma, is rituximab, cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, and prednisone (R-CHOP). Ibrutinib, a novel oral Bruton's tyrosine kinase inhibitor, has shown single-drug activity in relapsed or refractory B-cell malignancies. We investigated the safety and efficacy of ibrutinib in combination with R-CHOP for patients with previously untreated CD20-positive B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma.


In this phase 1b, open-label, non-randomised study, patients were recruited across six centres in the USA and France. Eligibility was age 18 years or older and treatment-naive histopathologically confirmed CD20-positive B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma. In the dose-escalation phase (part 1), patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma, mantle-cell lymphoma, or follicular lymphoma were enrolled. The primary objective was to determine a recommended phase 2 dose of ibrutinib with a standard R-CHOP regimen, by assessing safety in all patients who received treatment. Patients received ibrutinib 280 mg, 420 mg, or 560 mg per day in combination with a standard R-CHOP regimen every 21 days. Safety of the recommended phase 2 dose was then assessed in a dose-expansion population, which consisted of patients with newly diagnosed diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (part 2). Secondary objectives included assessments of the proportion of patients who had an overall response, pharmacokinetics, and pharmacodynamics. This trial is registered with, number NCT01569750.


From June 22, 2012, to March 25, 2013, 33 patients were enrolled (part 1: 17; part 2: 16) and 32 received ibrutinib plus R-CHOP treatment (one patient in the part 2 cohort withdrew). The maximum tolerated dose was not reached and the recommended phase 2 dose for ibrutinib was 560 mg per day. The most common grade 3 or greater adverse events included neutropenia (73% [24 of 33 patients]), thrombocytopenia (21% [seven patients]), and febrile neutropenia and anaemia (18% each [six patients]). The most frequently reported serious adverse events were febrile neutropenia (18% [six patients]) and hypotension (6% [two patients]). 30 (94%) of 32 patients who received one or more doses of combination treatment achieved an overall response. All 18 patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma who received the recommended phase 2 dose had an overall response. For those subtyped and treated at the recommended phase 2 dose, five (71%) of seven patients with the germinal centre B-cell-like subtype and two (100%) patients with the non-germinal centre B-cell-like subtype had a complete response. R-CHOP did not affect pharmacokinetics of ibrutinib, and ibrutinib did not alter the pharmacokinetics of vincristine. Pharmacodynamic data showed Bruton's tyrosine kinase was fully occupied (>90% occupancy) at the recommended phase 2 dose.


Ibrutinib is well tolerated when added to R-CHOP, and could improve responses in patients with B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma, but our findings need confirmation in a phase 3 trial.



Comment in

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Publication types, MeSH terms, Substances, Secondary source ID

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center