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J Clin Periodontol. 2014 Sep;41(9):875-82. doi: 10.1111/jcpe.12290. Epub 2014 Aug 3.

The effect of periodontal therapy on cardiovascular risk markers: a 6-month randomized clinical trial.

Author information

1
Department of Periodontology, School of Dentistry, Rio de Janeiro State University, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.

Abstract

AIM:

To determine the influence of non-surgical mechanical periodontal treatment on inflammatory markers related to risk for cardiovascular disease.

MATERIAL AND METHODS:

A total of 64 patients with severe chronic periodontitis was randomly subjected to immediately periodontal treatment (test group, n = 32) or delayed periodontal treatment, without treatment during the study period (control group, n = 32). Clinical periodontal and laboratory examinations were performed at baseline (T0), 2 months (T2), and 6 months (T6) after the initial examinations (Control group) or completion of periodontal treatment (Test group).

RESULTS:

After 2 months of periodontal treatment there was a significant reduction of erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) and triglycerides (p = 0.002, p = 0.004, respectively) in the test group. Median values of C-reactive protein, ESR, total cholesterol, and triglycerides were reduced after 6 month of periodontal treatment in the test group (p < 0.001, p < 0.001, p < 0.001, and p = 0.015, respectively).

CONCLUSIONS:

The non-surgical periodontal treatment was effective in reducing the levels of systemic inflammation markers and improved the lipid profile in subjects with severe chronic periodontitis.

KEYWORDS:

C-reactive protein; cardiovascular disease; erythrocyte sedimentation rate; periodontitis; triglycerides

PMID:
25041550
DOI:
10.1111/jcpe.12290
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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