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Am J Vet Res. 1989 Jun;50(6):850-4.

Serodiagnosis of ovine paratuberculosis, using lipoarabinomannan in an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay.

Author information

1
Agriculture Canada, Animal Disease Research Institute, Nepean, Ontario, Canada.

Abstract

The use of lipoarabinomannan (LAM; obtained from Mycobacterium paratuberculosis) in and ELISA (LAM-ELISA) to test 75 sheep sera from a paratuberculosis-infected flock resulted in an approximate threefold increase in sensitivity (from 23.5% to 70.6%), compared with the use of Annau's polysaccharide in a complement fixation test (P-CFT). Even after manipulation of the LAM-ELISA cut-off value to produce a specificity of 100% to match that of the P-CFT, the sensitivity still was approximately twofold greater than that of the P-CFT. Anti-bovine monoclonal antiglobulin-enzyme conjugates matched commercially available anti-ovine polyclonal antiglobulin-enzyme conjugates with respect to sensitivity and specificity. False-positive results were found to be less frequent after combining 2 serodiagnostic tests, LAM-ELISA and D antigenagar gel immunodiffusion, resulting in an increase in specificity from 88.1% to 95.2%. The repeatability of true seropositive and seronegative results was found to be 89.5% and 91.1%, respectively, for sera obtained less than or equal to 1 month prior to slaughter and 91.7% and 95.5%, respectively, for reanalysis of sera obtained at the time of slaughter.

PMID:
2504085
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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