Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Int J Clin Pract. 2014 Oct;68(10):1231-8. doi: 10.1111/ijcp.12475. Epub 2014 Jul 16.

A randomized clinical trial to determine the effect of angiotensin inhibitors reduction on creatinine clearance and haemoglobin in heart failure patients with chronic kidney disease and anaemia.

Author information

  • 1Division of Clinical Epidemiology, Complejo Hospitalario Universitario A Coruña (CHUAC), SERGAS, Universidade de A Coruña, A Coruña, Spain.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Chronic kidney disease is a common comorbidity in elderly patients with heart failure. Evidence supports the use of angiotensin inhibitors for patients with heart failure. However, there is little evidence with which to assess the risk and benefits of this treatment in elderly patients with renal dysfunction.

OBJECTIVE:

To determine the efficacy and safety of angiotensin inhibitor reduction in patients with heart failure, chronic kidney disease and anaemia.

STUDY DESIGN:

Open randomized controlled clinical trial.

SETTING:

Complexo Hospitalario Universitario A Coruña (Spain).

PATIENTS:

Patients ≥ 50 years old, with heart failure, haemoglobin (Hb) < 12 mg/dl and creatinine clearance <60 ml/min/1.73 m(2) admitted to hospital, in treatment with angiotensin inhibitors. Informed consent and Ethical Review Board approval were obtained.

INTERVENTION:

A 50% reduction of angiotensin inhibitor dose of the basal treatment on admission (n = 30) in the intervention group. Control group (n = 16) with the standard basal dose.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE:

Primary outcome was difference in Hb (gr/dl), creatinine clearance (ml/min/1.73 m(2) ) and protein C (mg/dl) between admission and 1-3 months after discharge. Secondary outcome was survival at 6-12 months after discharge.

RESULTS:

Patients in the intervention group experienced an improvement in Hb (10.62-11.47 g/dl), creatinine clearance (32.5 ml/min/1.73 m(2) to 42.9 ml/min/1.73 m(2) ), and a decrease in creatinine levels (1.98-1.68 mg/dl) and protein C (3.23 mg/dl to 1.37 mg/dl). There were no significant differences in these variables in the control group. Survival at 6 and 12 months in the intervention and control group was 86.7% vs. 75% and 69.3% vs. 50%, respectively.

CONCLUSION:

The reduction of the dose of angiotensin inhibitors in the intervention group resulted in an improvement in anaemia and kidney function, decreased protein C and an increased survival rate.

TRIAL REGISTRATION:

EudraCT: 2008-008480-10.

PMID:
25040146
DOI:
10.1111/ijcp.12475
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Wiley
    Loading ...
    Support Center