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Cell Mol Life Sci. 2014 Nov;71(21):4131-48. doi: 10.1007/s00018-014-1678-0. Epub 2014 Jul 20.

Mechanisms of endothelial cell migration.

Author information

1
Institut für Kardiovaskuläre Physiologie, Goethe-Universität, Theodor-Stern-Kai 7, 60590, Frankfurt am Main, Germany, michaelis@vrc.uni-frankfurt.de.

Abstract

Cell migration plays a central role in a variety of physiological and pathological processes during our whole life. Cellular movement is a complex, tightly regulated multistep process. Although the principle mechanisms of migration follow a defined general motility cycle, the cell type and the context of moving influences the detailed mode of migration. Endothelial cells migrate during vasculogenesis and angiogenesis but also in a damaged vessel to restore vessel integrity. Depending on the situation they migrate individually, in chains or sheets and complex signaling, intercellular signals as well as environmental cues modulate the process. Here, the different modes of cell migration, the peculiarities of endothelial cell migration and specific guidance molecules controlling this process will be reviewed.

PMID:
25038776
DOI:
10.1007/s00018-014-1678-0
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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