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Neurosci Biobehav Rev. 2014 Sep;45:343-9. doi: 10.1016/j.neubiorev.2014.07.009. Epub 2014 Jul 15.

Applying incentive sensitization models to behavioral addiction.

Author information

1
Centre of Functionally Integrative Neuroscience, University of Aarhus, 8000 Aarhus C, Denmark. Electronic address: krth@cfin.dk.
2
Research Clinic for Functional Disorders and Psychosomatics, Aarhus University Hospital, Denmark.
3
Centre of Functionally Integrative Neuroscience, University of Aarhus, 8000 Aarhus C, Denmark.

Abstract

The incentive sensitization theory is a promising model for understanding the mechanisms underlying drug addiction, and has received support in animal and human studies. So far the theory has not been applied to the case of behavioral addictions like Gambling Disorder, despite sharing clinical symptoms and underlying neurobiology. We examine the relevance of this theory for Gambling Disorder and point to predictions for future studies. The theory promises a significant contribution to the understanding of behavioral addiction and opens new avenues for treatment.

KEYWORDS:

Addiction; Craving; Gambling; Incentive salience; Mindfulness; Sensitization

PMID:
25036890
DOI:
10.1016/j.neubiorev.2014.07.009
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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