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Bioinformatics. 2014 Nov 1;30(21):3134-5. doi: 10.1093/bioinformatics/btu435. Epub 2014 Jul 16.

lrgpr: interactive linear mixed model analysis of genome-wide association studies with composite hypothesis testing and regression diagnostics in R.

Author information

1
Department of Genetics and Genomic Sciences, Icahn Institute for Genomics and Multiscale Biology, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York, NY, USA, Department of Biological Statistics and Computational Biology, Cornell University, Ithaca, USA and Department of Genetic Medicine, Weill Cornell Medical College, New York, NY, USA Department of Genetics and Genomic Sciences, Icahn Institute for Genomics and Multiscale Biology, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York, NY, USA, Department of Biological Statistics and Computational Biology, Cornell University, Ithaca, USA and Department of Genetic Medicine, Weill Cornell Medical College, New York, NY, USA Department of Genetics and Genomic Sciences, Icahn Institute for Genomics and Multiscale Biology, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York, NY, USA, Department of Biological Statistics and Computational Biology, Cornell University, Ithaca, USA and Department of Genetic Medicine, Weill Cornell Medical College, New York, NY, USA.
2
Department of Genetics and Genomic Sciences, Icahn Institute for Genomics and Multiscale Biology, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York, NY, USA, Department of Biological Statistics and Computational Biology, Cornell University, Ithaca, USA and Department of Genetic Medicine, Weill Cornell Medical College, New York, NY, USA Department of Genetics and Genomic Sciences, Icahn Institute for Genomics and Multiscale Biology, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York, NY, USA, Department of Biological Statistics and Computational Biology, Cornell University, Ithaca, USA and Department of Genetic Medicine, Weill Cornell Medical College, New York, NY, USA.

Abstract

The linear mixed model is the state-of-the-art method to account for the confounding effects of kinship and population structure in genome-wide association studies (GWAS). Current implementations test the effect of one or more genetic markers while including prespecified covariates such as sex. Here we develop an efficient implementation of the linear mixed model that allows composite hypothesis tests to consider genotype interactions with variables such as other genotypes, environment, sex or ancestry. Our R package, lrgpr, allows interactive model fitting and examination of regression diagnostics to facilitate exploratory data analysis in the context of the linear mixed model. By leveraging parallel and out-of-core computing for datasets too large to fit in main memory, lrgpr is applicable to large GWAS datasets and next-generation sequencing data.

AVAILABILITY AND IMPLEMENTATION:

lrgpr is an R package available from lrgpr.r-forge.r-project.org.

PMID:
25035399
PMCID:
PMC4201153
DOI:
10.1093/bioinformatics/btu435
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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