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J Nutr Biochem. 2014 Oct;25(10):1019-25. doi: 10.1016/j.jnutbio.2014.05.008. Epub 2014 Jun 13.

Polyphenol-rich blackcurrant extract prevents inflammation in diet-induced obese mice.

Author information

1
Department of Nutritional Sciences, University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT 06269, USA.
2
Department of Food Science and Biotechnology, Kyung Hee University, Yongin, Gyeonggi-do 446-701, South Korea.
3
Gyeonggi Biocenter, Gyeonggi Institute of Science and Technology Promotion, Suwon, Gyeonggi-do 443-270, South Korea.
4
Department of Nutritional Sciences, University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT 06269, USA. Electronic address: ji-young.lee@uconn.edu.

Abstract

Obesity is closely associated with chronic, low-grade inflammation. We investigated if polyphenol-rich blackcurrant extract (BCE) can prevent inflammation in vivo. Male C57BL/6J mice were fed a modified AIN-93M control diet containing high fat/high cholesterol (16% fat, 0.25% cholesterol by weight) or the control diet supplemented with 0.1% BCE (wt/wt) for 12 weeks. In BCE-fed mice, the percentage of body weight and adipocyte size of the epididymal fat were significantly lower than those of control mice. There were fewer crown-like structures (CLS) with concomitant decreases in F4/80, cluster of differentiation 68 and inhibitor of nuclear factor κB kinase ε (IKKε) mRNA in the epididymal adipose of BCE-fed mice. F4/80 and IKKε mRNA levels were positively correlated with CLS number. In the skeletal muscle of mice fed with BCE, mRNA expression of genes involved in energy expenditure and mitochondrial biogenesis, including PPARα, PPARδ, UCP-2, UCP-3 and mitochondrial transcription factor A, were significantly increased. When splenocytes from BCE-fed mice were stimulated by lipopolysaccharides, tumor necrosis factor α and interleukin-1β mRNA were significantly lower than control splenocytes. Together, the results suggest that BCE supplementation decreases obesity-induced inflammation in adipose tissue and splenocytes, at least in part, by modulating energy metabolism in skeletal muscle.

KEYWORDS:

Anthocyanins; Blackcurrant; Crown-like structure; Inflammation; Macrophage infiltration; Obesity

PMID:
25034502
DOI:
10.1016/j.jnutbio.2014.05.008
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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