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Vopr Onkol. 2014;60(3):313-8.

[Simultaneous prophylactic surgery for colon cancer in women. Viewpoint of the gynecologist].

[Article in Russian]


A 5-year survival of patients with Stage III colon cancer with prophylactic panhysterectomy in anamnesis was 83.3%, significantly higher than that of patients with Stage III colon cancer without panhysterectomy (69.3%) and than in colon cancer patients with metachronous ovarian metastases (42%). In families of patients with primary multiple malignant tumors (PMMT) of colon, endometrium and/or ovaries as well as in cases of accumulation in the same family of solitary tumors of the above locations it is necessary to carry out genetic testing to identify mutations in genes MSH2, MLH1, MSH6. Carriers of mutations in genes of mismatch repair MSH2, MLH1, MSH6 should be assumed to the high-risk group for the development of malignancies both PMMT of colon and organs of the female reproductive system and solitary tumors of the above locations. All women suffering from colon cancer, especially in the presence of mutations in genes of mismatch repair, in pre- and menopause should be undergone simultaneous prophylactic surgery: panhysterectomy. The question about the greater omentum should be decided situationally.

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