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Surg Endosc. 2015 Mar;29(3):620-6. doi: 10.1007/s00464-014-3709-1. Epub 2014 Jul 17.

Percutaneous endoscopic caecostomy for severe constipation in adults: feasibility, durability, functional and quality of life results at 1 year follow-up.

Author information

1
Institute of Digestive Disease, University Hospital of Nantes, 44093, Nantes, France, emilie.duchalais@gmail.com.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

The percutaneous endoscopic ceacostomy (PEC) for antegrade colonic enemas (ACE) has recently been proposed as a less invasive alternative to the Malone procedure in chronic constipated patients. Although the feasibility and safety of this innovative approach has been demonstrated, its functional results remain unknown. The aim of this study was to evaluate constipation symptoms and quality of life 1 year after the PEC placement.

METHOD:

From Oct 2007 to Apr 2011, 21 severely constipated patients who required ACE were prospectively included. They underwent endoscopic placement of Chait caecostomy catheter (Cook Medical). Patients completed standardized questionnaires to assess constipation (KESS) and quality of life (GIQLI) scores pre PEC placement and at 1 year. Adverse events and caecostomy use data were also documented.

RESULTS:

The caecostomy catheter was successfully placed in 19 patients. Complications were all minor, including chronic wound pain (n = 9), serous leakage (n = 7), superficial wound infection (n = 2) and accidental catheter removal (n = 2). Chronic wound pain led to definitive catheter removal in 5 (26 %) patients. One patient died from unrelated cause before the end of the follow-up. At 1 year, 11 (61 %) of the alive patients still performed ACE. During the period of ACE administration, 14 (74 %) patients suspended use of laxatives and retrograde irrigations. Constipation and quality of life scores were available in 15 patients. Median KESS score improved from 25 (12-39) before PEC to 17 (6-34) 1 year after PEC (p < 0.05). Median GIQLI score increased from 69 (25-108) to 95 (48-119) (p < 0.05).

CONCLUSION:

PEC placement achieves satisfying functional and quality of life results, and allows approximately 3/4 of patients to suspend laxatives and retrograde enemas. Nevertheless, 1/4 of the patients ask for the PEC removal because of chronic wound pain. In order to improve long-term durability of the device, a better prevention of pain is required.

PMID:
25030476
DOI:
10.1007/s00464-014-3709-1
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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