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Biomed Res Int. 2014;2014:486436. doi: 10.1155/2014/486436. Epub 2014 Jun 17.

Effect of autologous platelet rich fibrin on the healing of experimental articular cartilage defects of the knee in an animal model.

Author information

1
Department of Veterinary Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, Tabriz Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tabriz, Iran.
2
Department of Pathology, Faculty of Medicine, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran.
3
College of Veterinary Medicine, Tabriz Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tabriz, Iran.

Abstract

The effect of autologous platelet rich fibrin (PRF), a second generation platelet product, on the healing of experimental articular cartilage lesions was evaluated in an animal model. Full thickness cartilage lesions with a diameter of 6 mm and depth of 5 mm were created in the weight bearing area of femoral condyles of both hind limbs in 12 adult mixed breed dogs. Defects in the left hind limb of each dog were repaired by PRF implantation whereas those in the right hind limb were left empty. The animals were euthanized at 4, 16, and 24 weeks following surgery and the resultant repair tissue was investigated macroscopically and microscopically. The results of macroscopic and histological evaluations indicated that there were significant differences between the PRF treated and untreated defects. In conclusion, the present study indicated that the use of platelet rich fibrin as a source of autologous growth factors leads to improvement in articular cartilage repair.

PMID:
25028656
PMCID:
PMC4083211
DOI:
10.1155/2014/486436
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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