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Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc. 2015 Nov;23(11):3259-65. doi: 10.1007/s00167-014-3169-0. Epub 2014 Jul 16.

Gait changes of the ACL-deficient knee 3D kinematic assessment.

Author information

1
IFSTTAR, LBMC, UMR_T9406, Université de Lyon, F-69622, Lyon, France. bujarish@gmail.com.
2
Albert Trillat Center, Lyon, France. bujarish@gmail.com.
3
Orthopaedic Hospital, University Clinical Center of Kosova, University of Prishtina, Prishtina, Kosovo. bujarish@gmail.com.
4
Lagjia e Universitetit, Rruga 1, nr. 32, 10000, Prishtina, Kosovo. bujarish@gmail.com.
5
IFSTTAR, LBMC, UMR_T9406, Université de Lyon, F-69622, Lyon, France.
6
Albert Trillat Center, Lyon, France.
7
Orthopaedic Hospital, University Clinical Center of Kosova, University of Prishtina, Prishtina, Kosovo.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

Static, one-dimensional testing cannot predict the behaviour of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL)-deficient knee under realistic loading conditions. Currently, the most widely accepted method for assessing joint movement patterns is gait analysis. The purpose of the study was in vivo evaluation of the behaviour of the anterior cruciate ligament-deficient (ACLD) knees during walking, using 3D, real-time assessment tool.

METHODS:

Biomechanical data were collected prospectively on 30 patients with ACL rupture and 15 healthy subjects as a control group, with KneeKg™ System. Kinematic data were recorded in vivo during treadmill walking at self-selected speed. Flexion/extension, abduction/adduction, anterior/posterior tibial translation and external/internal tibial rotation were compared between groups.

RESULTS:

The ACLD patients showed a significant lower extension of the knee joint during stance phase (p < 0.05; 13.2° ± 2.1° and 7.3° ± 2.7°, for ACLD and control group, respectively). A significant difference in tibial rotation angle was found in ACLD knees compared to control knees (p < 0.05). The patients with ACLD rotated the tibia more internally (-1.4° ± 0.2°) during the mid-stance phase, than control group (0.2° ± 0.3°). There was no significant difference in anteroposterior translation and adduction-abduction angles.

CONCLUSION:

Significant alterations of joint kinematics in the ACLD knee were revealed in this study by manifesting a higher flexion gait strategy and excessive internal tibial rotation during walking that could result in a more rapid cartilage thinning throughout the knee. The preoperative data obtained in this study will be useful to understand the post-ACL reconstruction kinematic behaviour of the knee.

CLINICAL RELEVANCE:

The findings in this study indicate that ACLD knee may adapt functionally to prevent excessive anterior-posterior translation but they fail to avoid rotational instability.

KEYWORDS:

3D assessment; Anterior cruciate ligament deficient; Kinematic; Knee

PMID:
25026934
DOI:
10.1007/s00167-014-3169-0
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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